Natixis Global Asset Management published its annual international survey of institutional investors - 500 managers of public and corporate pensions, foundations, endowments, insurance funds and sovereign wealth funds in North America, Latin America, the United Kingdom, Continental Europe, Asia and the Middle East. Collectively, they manage $15.5 trillion in assets.
Faced with volatility, greater risks and still-low yields, institutional investors are raising their exposure to higher-risk assets in pursuit of better returns, At the same time, they are doubling down on risk management to better balance long-term growth objectives and liquidity needs, but say they need better ways of identifying risk across their portfolios.
The findings provide insight into how institutional investors are using risk to their advantage. 62% of institutional managers feel they can handle near-term market risk despite greater volatility, which they say poses the biggest risk to their performance.
Their top organisational concern, however, is low yield. Given the prospect for greater volatility and persistence of low interest rates, few global institutions are relying on traditional portfolio strategies to meet their performance goals. In their efforts to manage the risks, they believe the more effective techniques include diversifying holdings across sectors (88%), risk budgeting (83%), increasing their use of alternative investments (80%) and smart beta (75%).
The survey reveals that the percentage of global institutions using alternatives to manage risk has exploded from 53% in 2015 to 76% today. In addition, 56% report that their organisation is investing in more in illiquid assets today than they were three years ago.
"While risk factors change over time, the challenge for institutional investor remains to deliver long-term results while navigating short-term market pressures,” said Fabrice Chemouny, Executive Vice President and Global Head of Institutional Sales of Natixis Global Asset Management – International Distribution. “Given their mandates, avoiding risk is not an option for institutional investors. They have to beat the odds or change the game, and they are doing so by balancing risks and embracing alternatives to traditional portfolio construction, but always with an eye on their long-term objectives".
Pursuing growth: bigger role for real assets, alternatives
In examining their goals, 70% of global investors believe their return expectations are achievable, but confidence may not be as strong as it seems on the surface. Half (50%) of the institutions expect to decrease return assumptions in the next 12 months. While most are confident they’ll be able to meet their long-term liabilities, 62% think most of their peers won’t. Challenged to find yield in recent years, a majority of institutions believe they must replace traditional portfolio construction techniques if they are to achieve results.
The survey found:
- 67% of global institutional investors think private equity provides higher risk-adjusted returns than traditional asset classes, and 55% believe private equity provides better diversification than traditional stocks.
- 73% of them think private debt provides higher risk-adjusted returns than traditional bond investments. The three areas they consider most promising are infrastructure, healthcare and the sector combining technology, media & telecom. Many also say they are likely to consider increasing use of direct lending (44%) and collateralised debt (34%).
- About one-third (34%) of global institutions report that they are planning to increase allocations to real assets, including real estate, infrastructure and aircraft financing, in the next 12 months. As seen with their broader views on private markets, 63% of institutional decision makers’ primary goal for investing in real assets is earning higher returns.
- About one half of institutions (56%) report they are increasing exposures to alternative investment strategies this year. The adoption of alternative investments isn’t limited to growth portfolios, as 77% of respondents say alternatives have a role in liability-driven investing as well.
Balancing growth, risk, liquidity and liabilities
While global institutions think that alternatives help to diversify portfolios and manage risk, more than half (55%) report that their need for liquidity has limited their ability to invest in alternatives. Many institutional decision makers (71%) believe more stringent solvency and liquidity requirements established by regulators around the world have resulted in a greater bias for shorter time horizons and more liquid assets. This has proven to be a significant challenge to meeting liabilities that stretch out over multiple decades. Respondents say their top risk management concern is balancing long-term growth objectives with long-term liquidity needs. ESG (environmental, social and governance) investing is taking on broader dimensions for investment teams, providing a measure for identifying companies and investment trends that may provide long-term growth potential to the portfolio. 59% investors surveyed say that considering ESG issues is a way to generate alpha. An equal percentage says it is a way to lessen headline risks, such as lawsuits, environmental harm or social discord. 62% believe ESG will be a standard practice for all managers in the next five years.
Active management is better suited to generate risk-adjusted returns
Nearly three quarters (73%) of institutional investors believe today’s markets are more favourable to active managers – an increase of 6% over 2015. The projection for passive has dropped steeply year over year. In 2015, they assumed a 7% increase in allocations to passive within three years, now they anticipate an increase of just over 1% by 2019. Asked to compare the relative strengths of active and passive investments, 86% say active is better suited to generating alpha, to generating risk-adjusted returns (64%), for accessing emerging market opportunities76%, and for ESG investing 75%.
While institutional investors see the value of passive investments for specific objectives, they see potential problems for individual investors who have come to rely heavily on indexing. For 75% of institutional investors, individuals are not fully aware of the risks of indexing which may conduct them to a false sense of security about indexing.
The challenge of liability management
Liability management is top of mind for institutional decision makers. 70% of global institutions surveyed have adopted asset-liability matching strategies to help them align asset sales and income streams to future expenses with the goal of managing liquidation risk. Many of these strategies have relied on high-quality fixed-income securities, but institutions are now using a wider range of instruments in liability-driven investing (LDI). They include hedging strategies (used by 47%), inflation-linked bonds (44%) and nominal bonds (37%). But they are also looking for a broader set of options. About three-quarters of institutional investors (77%) say alternatives have an important role to play in LDI portfolio management, as they offer valuable diversification and risk mitigation and complement the overall portfolio. A significant number (62%) believe that despite using LDI strategies, most organisations will fail to meet their long-term objectives. Three in five (60%) say there is a lack of innovation in LDI solutions, although not as many (41%) are willing to pay a premium for innovative LDI solutions.
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Natixis surveyed 500 institutional investors about their opinions on risk, predictions on asset allocation and views on market performance. The respondents included managers of corporate and public pension funds, foundations, endowments, insurance companies and sovereign wealth funds in North America, Latin America, the United Kingdom, Continental Europe, Asia and the Middle East. Data was gathered in October and November 2016 by the research firm CoreData. The findings are published in a new whitepaper, “Double Down.” For more information, visit www.durableportfolios.com